Internet of Things (IoT): Application in Agriculture Industry
IOT Information Technology in Agriculture Business
The application of IoT (Internet of Things) information technology in the agriculture business could be a life-changer for mankind and the whole world. As in the present situation, the extreme climatic conditions are weakening the fertile soil, drying lands and disintegrating ecological systems. However, using information technology in agriculture industry with advanced IoT systems assist farmers and agriculture entrepreneurs in decreasing generated wastages and increasing productivity. IoT technology in farming has resulted in “Smart Agriculture” as well as “Smart Farming”. With high-end technology to produce food products in a cleaner and systematic process. Not only that, it also consists of wireless connectivity, software, dedicated equipment, and other IT services.
In addition, the IoT technology ensures high yields, profitability, and protection of the environment. By assisting farmers and agriculture entrepreneurs to close the supply-demand gap. These days, to make agriculture and farming much more effective and specific, IoT uses smart devices/machines outfitted with sensors providing real-time data that are appropriately analyzed and relocated into sufficient measures. At the same time, the decreasing availability of agricultural manpower has evolved the adoption of IoT and information technology in agriculture industry solutions and practice, diminishing the requirement for a manual workforce. Similarly, agriculturalists can make the best utilization of their resources such as farm vehicles, the number of fertilizers, water, and electricity.
Similarly, in smart farming, the IoT devices and systems monitor the farm field with the assistance of sensors and automated irrigation systems. Concerned people can remotely examine light, humidity, temperature, field condition. Also, solid moisture, crop health, livestock feeding, and production from anywhere using their smartphones. It can also assist in statistical predictions for livestock and crop production. Hence, the implementation of a smart agriculture system is highly effective and productive when compared with the conventional approach.
Application of IoT Technologies
The application of IoT technologies and Agriculture 4.0 has the prospective to transform agriculture practice in various aspects such as:
Implementation of Agricultural Drones
To develop various agricultural practices, aerial-based and ground-based drones are being implemented to address crop monitoring, crop health assessment, irrigation, crop spraying, planting, soil, and field analysis.
Livestock tracking and geofencing
The farmers and agriculture entrepreneurs can make use of wireless IoT applications to gather data about the location, well-being, and health of their farm animals. This data assist to prevent the spread of disease, decrease operational and labor expenses.
IoT intelligently monitors and controls the greenhouse climate, temperature, reducing the requirement for manual involvement. It automatically adjusts the temperature and water the plants through the detection of sensors. This enhances the greenhouse management more accurately and saves the manual workforce.
Monitor weather and climatic conditions
Smart farming can assist in establishing weather stations in the farming field. Which can monitor climatic conditions using various sensors to steer the irrigation system. This way, agriculturalists can decide and allocate which crops are most suitable according to the climatic conditions.
Smart farming with predictive analytics
With the right prediction method and data, farmers and concerned stakeholders will be able to decide on their future preparation for crop production, inventory, marketing, and risk analysis. IoT smart sensors use an artificial network to collect information that can effortlessly predict the production rate of the crop. Farmers can obtain precise data and information through a customized mobile application or dashboard.